1.Match the beginnings (1-10) andendings (a-j) of these sentences, and join them by adding a relative pronoun.In which two sentences can the relative pronoun be left out?
1 The college has many students _____ ______
2 My cousin Phillip is a solicitor; he was the one _____________
3 I went to a school ______ ______
4 I visited the theatre ______ ______
5 Why don’t you call again at a time ______ ______
6 Mrs Jackson is the kind of teacher ______ ______
7 Faraday was the man ______ ______
8 Is there any reason ______ ______
9 What was the name of that company ______ ______
10 That’s the woman ______ ______
a Mozart performed many of his operas.
b flat I rent
c every student wants to have.
d are classed as ‘mature’ because they are over 21.
e advised me to study law.
f I’m not as busy.
g invented the first electric motor.
h factory burned down yesterday?
i didn’t have very good sports facilities.
j manufacturers like to keep demand above supply?
2.Rewrite the sentences below assingle sentences using non-defining relative clauses.
1 My father lives in a small house full of ornaments. Thismakes it really difficult to clean.
2 Some students take a year out before university. This allows them to work ortravel.
Some students ______________________________________________
3 The Guggenheim Museum is in Bilbao. It only displays contemporary art.
The Guggenheim Museum, __________________________________
4 My English teacher is leaving. His lectures are very interesting.
MyEnglish teacher, __________________________________
5 The lecture was about current economic policy. It was not very easy tounderstand.
The lecture _________________________________________
6 In 1951 my parents arrived in New York. They stayed there for the rest of theirlives.
Myparents arrived in New York _____________________________
7 I gave my assignment to the faculty secretary. She was not very friendly.
I gave my assignment _________________
3. There is a mistake withrelative clauses in each of the email extracts below. Find the mistakes andcorrect them.
1 I wonder ifyou can help me. I want to get in touch with the woman which we met at themeeting last week. Do you know the one I mean? __________
2 I’m sendingthis email to ask for more information about the language courses which I wasthem advertised in The Daily Star yesterday. _________
3 How are you gettingon with your new job? I’m finding my new job exhausting, that is not surprisingconsidering I have to travel so much. __________
4 I reallyenjoyed the lecture which you gave it on Wednesday, and am thinking about doingmy assignment on the same topic. _________
5 You left yournotebook at my house. Do you need it? It’s the one which in you have writtenyour lecture notes. ________
6 I’m justemailing you to find out if you want to go to the cinema on Thursday. I’ve gottoday’s newspaper which has a list of films. If you’re free, let me know. _________
7 Can you pickup some shopping on your way home? I want some of those bread rolls what we hadlast week. Will you be able to stop at the shop? ________
8 Your areclearly a person who life is full and busy and that is why we think you would likeour Ladies Personal Organizer. For just￡15.99 you… ________
4. Reading the description of howchocolate is made. Add the relative clauses (a-i) to the text in the gaps andwrite in the appropriate relative pronoun where,which or that.
Chocolate’svaried flavours, colours, shapes and textures result from different recipetraditions 1_______. The essential ingredient in all chocolate is cocoa, whichis made from the cream-coloured beans 2_______. The cacao tree, 3_______,produces a fruit about the size of small pineapple, 4_______.
Afterharvesting, the cocoa beans are removed from the pods and piled in heaps5_______. The dried beans are then transported to factories 6_______. Theshells are then removed and the beans are ground into chocolate liquor – a thickbrown liquid 7_______. This liquor contains a high percentage of fat (cocoabutter), 8_______. The solid block of cocoa that remains is then made into apowder 9 _______, or is mixed back with some of the cocoa butter, sugar andother flavor such as vanilla to make the different kinds of chocolate.
a _________ isremoved by using presses
b _________ theyare sorted and roasted
c _________ areleft for several days to dry
d _________ canbe used to make a hot chocolate drink
e _________grows in equatorial regions such as South America, Africa and Indonesia.
f _________forms a solid at about room temperature
g _________ haveevolved in different parts of the world.
h inside_________ are the tree’s seeds
i _________ growin pods on the cacao tree