雅思阅读

伦敦艺术类留学生活费答疑雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade

雅思阅读 2021-01-27 20:30:02
摘要:在准备雅思阅读考试时,多看一些雅思阅读材料不仅可以增加词汇量,还可以加快阅读速度以及拓展知识面,所以平时没事多看看雅思阅读材料,多多益善哦!今天小编给大家带来了

  在准备雅思阅读考试时,多看一些雅思阅读材料不仅可以增加词汇量,还可以加快阅读速度以及拓展知识面,所以平时没事多看看雅思阅读材料,多多益善哦!今天小编给大家带来了雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade。小伙伴们快来补充精神食粮吧!

  Whose lost decade?

  Japan’s economy works better than pessimists think—at least for theelderly.

  THE Japanese say they suffer from an economic disease called "structuralpessimism". Overseas too, there is a tendency to see Japan as a harbinger of allthat is doomed in the economies of the euro zone and America—even though figuresreleased on November 14th show its economy grew by an annualised 6% in the thirdquarter, rebounding quickly from the March tsunami and nuclear disaster.接下来为大家介绍"答疑雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade"
雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade

  Look dispassionately at Japan’s economic performance over the past tenyears, though, and "the second lost decade", if not the first, is a misnomer.Much of what tarnishes Japan’s image is the result of demography—more than halfits population is over 45—as well as its poor policy in dealing with it. Evenso, most Japanese have grown richer over the decade.

  In aggregate, Japan’s economy grew at half the pace of America’s between2001 and 2010. Yet if judged by growth in GDP per person over the same period,then Japan has outperformed America and the euro zone (see chart 1). In partthis is because its population has shrunk whereas America’s population hasincreased.

  Though growth in labour productivity fell slightly short of America’s from2000 to 2008, total factor productivity, a measure of how a country uses capitaland labour, grew faster, according to the Tokyo-based Asian ProductivityOrganisation. Japan’s unemployment rate is higher than in 2000, yet it remainsabout half the level of America and Europe (see chart 2).

  Besides supposed stagnation, the two other curses of the Japanese economyare debt and deflation. Yet these also partly reflect demography and can beoverstated. People often think of Japan as an indebted country. In fact, it isthe world’s biggest creditor nation, boasting ¥253 trillion ($3.3 trillion) innet foreign assets.

  To be sure, its government is a large debtor; its net debt as a share ofGDP is one of the highest in the OECD. However, the public debt has been accruednot primarily through wasteful spending or "bridges to nowhere", but because ofageing, says the IMF. Social-security expenditure doubled as a share of GDPbetween 1990 and 2010 to pay rising pensions and health-care costs. Over thesame period tax revenues have shrunk.

  Falling tax revenues are a problem. The flip side, though, is that Japanhas the lowest tax take of any country in the OECD, at just 17% of GDP. Thatgives it plenty of room to manoeuvre. Takatoshi Ito, an economist at theUniversity of Tokyo, says increasing the consumption tax by 20 percentage pointsfrom its current 5%—putting it at the level of a high-tax European country—wouldraise ¥50 trillion and immediately wipe out Japan’s fiscal deficit.

  以上就是小编给大家带来的雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade,希望对大家有帮助,最后祝大家可以在雅思考试中取得好成绩,更多信息请关注100教育雅思频道。


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原文地址:伦敦艺术类留学生活费答疑雅思阅读材料:Whose Lost Decade发布于2021-01-27
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