【新西兰艺术高中留学生】TPO1听力讲座详解(2)

时间:2020-11-29 19:00:02 托福听力 我要留学

TPO 1 LECTURE 3

主题: 考古学 Archaeology

TPO1听力讲座详解(2)

Glossary

Neolithic period 新石器时代

Stone age 石器时代

obsidian 黑曜石

volcanic 火山岩

flake 剥落

hatchway 舱口,天窗

plaster 石膏;涂以灰泥

hearth 灶台

soot 煤烟,烟灰

excavation 挖掘

artifact 人工制品,手工艺品

背景知识:

Catalhoyuk

加泰土丘, 音译作卡塔胡由克或恰塔霍裕克,是安纳托利亚南部巨大的新石器时代和红铜时代的人类定居点遗址

Obsidian

黑曜石, 是一种常见的黑色中低档宝石,又名天然琉璃,是一种自然产生的琉璃。它的成因是因为火山熔岩迅速地冷却凝结,非晶质结构。因为熔岩流外围冷却的速度最快,所以黑曜石通常都是在熔岩流外围发现。黑曜石通常呈黑色,但是也可见棕色、灰色和少量的红色、蓝色甚至绿色的材料的黑曜石接下来为大家介绍"解疑TPO1听力讲座详解(2)"
TPO1听力讲座详解(2)

内容精要:

1. 文章的主旨(main purpose )

 To introduce to introduce the town building of Catalhoyuk

2. 为什么介绍加泰土丘?(Catalhoyuk)

 Concentrate on this site to understand agricultural settlement

3. 在加泰土丘,人们用什么材料建造城镇?

 They did with just stone, plus wood,bricks, that sort of thing. And the stone is Obsidian.

4. 城镇房屋建设特点

 房屋形状:The houses are all rectangular, one storey made of sun-dried bricks.There are no spaces between houses (so

there is no streets).

 房屋构造: The houses have no doors,and people enter into the house through a hatchway on the roof. There are one main

room and several small rooms for storage.

 通风排烟问题:There are hearths in the main room for cooking and heating, but the smoke went out through the same hatchway that people use for going in and out.

5. 为什么房屋排列如此紧凑?

 Burial custom (the graves have all found under the houses)---- they wanted to live as near as their ancestors’ graves and be buried near them themselves.

#p#

TPO 1 LECTURE 4

主题: 生物学 Biology

TPO1听力讲座详解(2)

Glossary

marmot 旱獭,土拔鼠

rodent 啮齿动物

habitat 栖息地

hibernate 冬眠

growing season 生长期,生长季节

loner 孤独的人,不合群的人

vegetative 植物的,植物人状态的

offspring 后代,子孙

背景知识:

Marmot

土拨鼠, 也叫旱獭. 土拨鼠平均体重为4.5公斤,最大可成长至6.5公斤,身长约为56公分。土拨鼠主要分布于北美大草原至加拿大等地区,与松鼠、海狸、花栗鼠等皆属于啮齿目松鼠科

内容精要:

1. 文章的主旨 (main purpose)

 Review the case study (Eastern marmot,Olympic marmot) on how some animals have behaviorally adapted to their environments

2. 土拔鼠(marmot) 是什么?

 Marmot are rodents. They are large ground squirrels, about the size of an average house cat.

3. Eastern marmot的生长环境和后天行为

 生长环境:They reside throughout the eastern region of North America where there is a temperate climate.

 后天行为:They mature quickly. Roughly six weeks after birth, Eastern Marmots are just old enough to take their chances of surviving.

4. Olympic marmot的生长环境和后天行为

 生长环境:The Olympic marmots inhabit meadows high in the Olympic Mountains where the weather conditions are much harsher.

 后天行为:They live together as a family and take care of their young until they are at least two years old.

相关阅读:

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