【香港留学艺术设计硕士】TPO1听力讲座详解(1)

时间:2020-11-29 18:30:01 托福听力 我要留学
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TPO1听力讲座详解(1)

TPO 1 LECTURE 1

主题: 现代艺术 Contemporary Art

TPO1听力讲座详解(1)

Glossary

little hints of: 少量的

electric blue 铁蓝色的

Impressionism 印象主义的

realism 实现主义的

accessible 可得到的,易接近的

brushstrokes 绘画技巧

背景知识:

Rose Frantzen

爱荷华土生土长的Rose Frantzen,在芝加哥美国艺术科学院毕业.她的画象是一个个象征性的寓言,在一个抽象的或超现实的背景下,展现一个沉醉在自我内心的原型人物。她也十分喜欢刻画她周围的小人物和小镇风光。

内容精要:

1. 文章的主旨(main purpose )

 To introduce an artist’s work to the class

2. 为什么教授提到Frantzen的乡村作品?(farm scene)

 It was painted in the Impressionist style

3. 为什么去谷仓?(Sales Barn)

 To study human form and movement

4. 为什么提到被黄瓜围绕的女人画像?(young woman surrounded by pumpkims)

 It combines Impressionism with Realism.

5. 为什么讨论他境遇很不容易?(Frantzen’s difficulties as a young painter)

 He thinks her example can inspire the students in their own lives.

6. 何出此言?[I find Frantzen to be a very accessible artist.I mean, some artists, to appreciate them,you have to know their life story. But…]

 The students can understand Frantzen’s art without knowing about her life.

#p#

TPO 1 LECTURE 2

主题: 地质学 Geology

TPO1听力讲座详解(1)

Glossary

dating technique 年代确定技术

sandstone 砂岩

solidify 团结,凝固

flatten out 平击,变平

eye-opening 令人瞠目的,使人开眼界的

grain type 颗粒类型

molten 熔化的

magma 岩浆

mountain range 山脉

granite 花岗岩

zircon 【矿物】锆石

背景知识:

uranium-lead dating

铀铅测年法 (Uranium铀 Lead铅) 通过测量铀-235和铅-207以及铀238和铅206的比例测量石头,可以测量大约一百万到超过45亿年的年代,精度大约为测量范围的0.1-1%

Grand Canyon

美国大峡谷是一个举世闻名的自然奇观,由于科罗拉多河穿流其中,故又名科罗拉多大峡谷,它是联合国教科文组织选为受保护的天然遗产之一。

内容精要:

1. 文章的主旨(main purpose )

 To introduce a particular dating technique—— Uranium-Lead Dating

2. 为什么教授提到大峡谷?(Grand Canyon)

 Give an example to explain Uranium-Lead Dating technique

3. 为什么提到阿巴拉契亚山脉?Appalachian Mountain Range)

 Assume “half of the sand from Grand Canyon was once part of Appalachian Mountain Range”

4. 如何用Uranium-Lead Dating求证3假设?

 Looked at the grains of Zircon in the sandstone

5. 3中提到的假设是否正确?

 WRONG! (Because sandstone in Grand Canyon and Appalachian Mountain Range were formed at the same time)

6. Uranium-Lead Dating 的劣势和发展前景如何?

 It wasn’t very “efficient” or “accurate,”but technical advances facilitate it to become an increasingly popular dating method.

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