法国艺术设计艺术留学托福听力文学背景知识:自力更生

时间:2019-12-12 15:14:23 托福听力 我要留学

托福听力词汇以及相关背景知识的积累武汉艺术留学艺途,是一个相当漫长的过程武汉艺术留学艺途,需要考生在平时的生活中多总结武汉艺术留学艺途,多记忆。艺术留学的老师为大家整理了托福听力文学背景知识:自力更生,希望对各位同学的托福听力备考有所帮助:接下来为大家介绍"武汉艺术留学艺途详述托福听力文学背景知识:自力更生"
托福听力文学背景知识:自力更生

Introduction:

Self – Reliance

Self – Reliance 是艾默生的代表作品。艾默生最著名的名言是:A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored bylittle statesmen and philosophers and divines. 艾默生的主要思想是:反对统一,认为人应该有自己的独特性。

Background information:

Ralph Waldo Emerson was a renownedphilospher, lecturer, poet and writer. He lived in the time of the lyceummovement, in which popular lecturers travelled throughout the U.S., leadingdebates and discussions about the great topics of the day. Other lecturers ofthis period included Henry David Thoreau, Natheniel Hawthorne, FrederickDouglas and Susan B. Anthony.

Self-Reliance is an essay written byAmerican transcendentalist philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson. Itcontains the most thorough statement of one of Emerson's recurrent themes, theneed for each individual to avoid conformity and false consistency, and followhis or her own instincts and ideas. It is the source of one of Emerson's mostfamous quotations: "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of littleminds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines.

Self-Reliance is Ralph Waldo Emerson’scompilation of many years’ works and the archetype for his transcendentalphilosophies. Emerson presupposes that the mind is initially subject to anunhappy conformism. Throughout the essay he gives a defense for his famouscatch-phrase "Trust thyself". This argument follows three majorpoints: the self-contained genius, the disapproval of the world, and the valueof self-worth.

Knowledge points:

1. 艾默生是著名的哲学家,演说家,诗人以及作家。

2. Self – Reliance 自力更生是艾默生的代表作。艾默生在这篇著作中赞成每个个体应该拒绝统一和一致,个体应该有自己的想法。

3. Self-reliance 这篇著作中遵循了三个法则:独立的天才,对世界的质疑以及自尊的价值

Vocabulary prediction:

Conviction    确信,信念

Conformity    符合,一致

Consistency    连贯

Inconsistency    不一致,不协调

Test Point – TPO4L2

All right, so let me close today’s classwith some thoughts to keep in mind while you are doing tonight’s assignment.You will be reading one of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s best-known essays‘Self-Reliance’ and comparing it with his poems and other works. I think thisessay has the potential to be quite meaningful for all of you as young peoplewho probably wonder about things like truth and where your lives are going -all sorts of profound questions. Knowing something about Emerson’s philosophieswill help you when you read ‘Self-Reliance’. And basically, one of the mainbeliefs that he had was about truth. Not that it’s something that we can betaught, Emerson says it’s found within ourselves. So this truth, the idea thatit’s in each one of us, is one of the first points that you’ll see Emersonmaking in this essay. It’s a bit abstract but he’s very into...ah... into eachperson believing his or her own thought, believing in yourself, the thought orconviction that’s true for you. But actually, he ties that in with a sort of‘universal truth’ – something that everyone knows but doesn’t realize theyknow. Most of us aren’t in touch with ourselves in a way, so we just aren’tcapable of recognizing profound truth. It takes geniuses, people like, say,Shakespeare, who’re unique because when they have a glimpse at this truth, thisuniversal truth, they pay attention to it and express it and don’t just dismissit like most people do. So Emerson is really into each individual believing inand trusting him or herself.

Knowledge points

1.艾默生对真实的看法对理解他的作品十分重要。真实是指每个人确信自己的想法,相信自己,并且相信自己的想法和信念是真实可靠的。

2.但是每个人对“普遍真实”又不够了解,人们可以感知它,但没有正确认识它。

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