Self – Reliance
Self – Reliance 是艾默生的代表作品。艾默生最著名的名言是:A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored bylittle statesmen and philosophers and divines. 艾默生的主要思想是:反对统一,认为人应该有自己的独特性。
Ralph Waldo Emerson was a renownedphilospher, lecturer, poet and writer. He lived in the time of the lyceummovement, in which popular lecturers travelled throughout the U.S., leadingdebates and discussions about the great topics of the day. Other lecturers ofthis period included Henry David Thoreau, Natheniel Hawthorne, FrederickDouglas and Susan B. Anthony.
Self-Reliance is an essay written byAmerican transcendentalist philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson. Itcontains the most thorough statement of one of Emerson's recurrent themes, theneed for each individual to avoid conformity and false consistency, and followhis or her own instincts and ideas. It is the source of one of Emerson's mostfamous quotations: "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of littleminds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines.
Self-Reliance is Ralph Waldo Emerson’scompilation of many years’ works and the archetype for his transcendentalphilosophies. Emerson presupposes that the mind is initially subject to anunhappy conformism. Throughout the essay he gives a defense for his famouscatch-phrase "Trust thyself". This argument follows three majorpoints: the self-contained genius, the disapproval of the world, and the valueof self-worth.
2. Self – Reliance 自力更生是艾默生的代表作。艾默生在这篇著作中赞成每个个体应该拒绝统一和一致,个体应该有自己的想法。
3. Self-reliance 这篇著作中遵循了三个法则:独立的天才,对世界的质疑以及自尊的价值
Test Point – TPO4L2
All right, so let me close today’s classwith some thoughts to keep in mind while you are doing tonight’s assignment.You will be reading one of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s best-known essays‘Self-Reliance’ and comparing it with his poems and other works. I think thisessay has the potential to be quite meaningful for all of you as young peoplewho probably wonder about things like truth and where your lives are going -all sorts of profound questions. Knowing something about Emerson’s philosophieswill help you when you read ‘Self-Reliance’. And basically, one of the mainbeliefs that he had was about truth. Not that it’s something that we can betaught, Emerson says it’s found within ourselves. So this truth, the idea thatit’s in each one of us, is one of the first points that you’ll see Emersonmaking in this essay. It’s a bit abstract but he’s very into...ah... into eachperson believing his or her own thought, believing in yourself, the thought orconviction that’s true for you. But actually, he ties that in with a sort of‘universal truth’ – something that everyone knows but doesn’t realize theyknow. Most of us aren’t in touch with ourselves in a way, so we just aren’tcapable of recognizing profound truth. It takes geniuses, people like, say,Shakespeare, who’re unique because when they have a glimpse at this truth, thisuniversal truth, they pay attention to it and express it and don’t just dismissit like most people do. So Emerson is really into each individual believing inand trusting him or herself.