雅思阅读

留学艺术规ppt模版讲解雅思双语阅读:人们更易听信流言蜚语

雅思阅读 2020-01-23 12:30:01
摘要:备考 雅思阅读 需要多读多练,通过大量阅读将有助于大家提高阅读速度及阅读理解能力。下面100教育就为大家整理一篇双语阅读文章,讲的是人们更易听信流言蜚语,希望大家都能认

  备考雅思阅读需要多读多练,通过大量阅读将有助于大家提高阅读速度及阅读理解能力。下面100教育就为大家整理一篇双语阅读文章,讲的是人们更易听信流言蜚语,希望大家都能认真阅读下文,因为其中有很多值得学习的知识!

  Gossip is more powerful than truth, a study showed on Monday, suggestingpeople believe what they hear through the grapevine even if they have evidenceto the contrary.本周一公布的一项研究表明,流言比事实更具“威力”。即使人们掌握了事实依据, 他们还是更易相信与事实不符的小道消息。

  Researchers, testing students using a computer game, also found gossipplayed an important role when people make decisions, said Ralf Sommerfeld, anevolutionary biologist at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, who led thestudy.

  据德国迈克斯•普兰克研究所负责人、进化生物学家拉尔夫•索姆费尔德介绍,研究人员借助一个电脑游戏对学生们进行测试。结果发现,流言在人们做决定的过程中起了重要作用。

  "We show that gossip has a strong influence ... even when participants haveaccess to the original information as well as gossip about the sameinformation," the researchers wrote in the Proceedings of the National Academyof Sciences.研究人员在《国家科学院院刊》的研究报告中提到:“研究发现,即便在研究对象知道了真相的情况下,流言仍有很强的影响力。”接下来为大家介绍"讲解雅思双语阅读:人们更易听信流言蜚语"
雅思双语阅读:人们更易听信流言蜚语

  "Thus, it is evident that gossip has a strong manipulativepotential."“由此看来,流言显然具有很强的操纵力。”

  In the study, the researchers gave the students money and allowed them togive it to others in a series of rounds. The students also wrote notes about howothers played the game that everyone couldreview.在试验过程中,研究人员发给学生们一些钱并让他们分几轮把钱发给其他人。学生们还得记录其他同伴在游戏中的所作所为,以供大家参考。

  Students tended to give less money to people described as "nasty misers" or"scrooges" and more to those depicted as "generous players" or "social players,"Sommerfeldsaid.索姆费尔德说,学生们倾向于发较少的钱给那些被描述为“令人讨厌的守财奴”或“吝啬鬼”的人,而发较多的钱给那些“慷慨的玩家”或“合群的玩家”。

  "People only saw the gossip, not the past decisions," he said in atelephone interview.他在接受电话采访时说:“人们只听流言,而不顾之前的决定。”

  The researchers then took the game a step further and showed the studentsthe actual decisions people had made. But they also supplied false gossip thatcontradicted thatevidence.研究人员又进行了几轮游戏,并在这几轮中告诉大家每个人的真实决定。但研究人员同时还“散布”了一些与真实依据相矛盾的流言。

  In these cases, the students based their decisions to award money on thegossip, rather than the hard evidence, Sommerfeldsaid.索姆费尔德说,在这几轮中,学生们仍然根据他们听到的流言来决定发钱的多少,而不是根据摆在面前的事实。

  "Rationally if you know what the people did, you should care, but theystill listened to what others said," hesaid.他说:“理性地讲,如果你了解了真实情况,那就应该有所考虑,可他们仍然听信流言。”

  Researchers have long used similar games to study how people cooperate andthe impact of gossip in groups. Scientists define gossip as social informationspread about a person who is not present, Sommerfeldsaid.研究人员一直用类似的游戏来研究人们怎样合作及流言对于团队的影响。索姆费尔德说,科学家将流言定义为人们散布的有关不在场的人的社会信息。

  In evolutionary terms, gossip can be an important tool for people toacquire information about others' reputations or navigate through socialnetworks at work and in their everyday lives, the studysaid.该研究还指出,从进化论角度来说,流言是人们获取其他人社会评价信息及游刃于工作和日常生活中各种社会关系网的重要工具。

  以上便是100教育雅思频道小编提供的雅思双语阅读:人们更易听信流言蜚语,欲知更多雅思阅读资料,敬请关注100教育雅思频道!


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原文地址:留学艺术规ppt模版讲解雅思双语阅读:人们更易听信流言蜚语发布于2020-01-23
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