雅思阅读

荷兰艺术本科留学条件分析详解雅思阅读中的主谓一致原则

雅思阅读 2020-01-17 15:30:01
摘要:不知道大家对 雅思阅读主谓一致原则 了解多少,细心的童鞋在做阅读时可能会发现它的存在却不知如何理解。那么为了帮助考生们解决这个难题,更加了解面对主谓一致的句型时应该

  不知道大家对雅思阅读主谓一致原则了解多少,细心的童鞋在做阅读时可能会发现它的存在却不知如何理解。那么为了帮助考生们解决这个难题,更加了解面对主谓一致的句型时应该如何进行结构分析以读懂文章,下面100教育雅思频道的小编将为大家介绍关于如何分析雅思阅读主谓一致原则的相关信息。接下来为大家介绍"分析详解雅思阅读中的主谓一致原则"
详解雅思阅读中的主谓一致原则

  谓语受主语支配,它必须在人称和数等方面与谓语保持一致。

  I 语法形式上一致

  (1)单数的名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词短语或从从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

  What I hate most is telling lies.

  To become a doctor is his ambition.

  Whether she comes or not is of no matter·

  [注]“what”引导的从句作主语,如果它后面的表语是复数形式,谓语动词亦可以用复数。

  What I said is right.

  What we need badly here are doctors.

  (2)由"and"连接并列主语时:

  Swimming in the summer and skating in the winter are my hobbies

  In the city are to be found both the most renowned scholar and thescoundrels(无赖)

  a block and tackle(滑轮组);the needle and thread(针线);brandy andsoda(掺苏列日兰地);sale and water(盐水);law and order(法律秩序);a cup and saucer(茶杯碟子); theebb and flow (盛衰; 涨落); the rope and pulley (滑轮绳索)

  watch and chain(有表链的手表);soap and water(肥皂水);etc。

  There is my watch and chain on the dressing-table.

  [注]若“and”后面的名词前有冠词或物主代词修饰,谓语动词用复数形似。

  The bread and the butter are on sale.

  3) 由“and”连接的并列单数主语前有“each, every, no , many a ”等修饰时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  Many a boy and many a girl in the class has seen this film.

  No teacher and no student is present.

  It is conflict and not unquestioning agreement that keeps freedomalive.

  5)注意在某些成语里的主谓一致:

  Time and tide wait for no man.(岁月不留人。)

  Truth and honesty is the best policy.(诚实为上策。)

  Gossiping and lying go together.(流言离不开说谎。)

  Joy and sorrow are next-door neighbors.(乐极生悲。)

  Trial and error is the source of our knowledge.(尝试和失败同是学识之源。)

  Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy,wealthy and wise.

  (3)单数主语+以下短语时,谓语动词仍用单数形式。

  这些短语为:"as well as;no less than;rather than;morethan;but;except;besides;with;along with;together with;like;including;in additionto;accompanied by;as much as;etc.”

  A mother as well as her children is getting on a bus.

  His sister no less than you is clever.(跟你一样,他的妹妹很聪明。)

  The manage,rather than the clerks,is responsible for this matter.

  Mary,along with her manager and some friends,is going to a partytonight.

  In order to grow well,the Blue Spruce,like other pine trees,requires atemperate climate.

  Neither of us has anything to say.

  Something has gone wrong with the bike.

  Nobody but he is so selfish.(除他之外,谁也不是这样自私。)

  No one but fools has ever believed it.(除了傻瓜,谁也不会相信它。)

  It may be said that in some countries—each of the citizens helps to decidegovernment policy.

  (5)由关系代词"who,that,which"引导的定语从句中的主谓一致

  Those of us who smoke should have our lungs X-rayed regularly.

  One of the books which are written by him is very popular.

  Ⅱ.主谓就近一致

  谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。

  (1)倒装句的主谓就近一致:

  Where is your father and younger brothers?

  In the distance was heard the applause of the people,the shouts andclapping of hands.

  Never before have so many people been there.

  (2)由连词"or,either… or ,neither…nor,whether or,not only…butalso,nor"等连接的两个名词,其谓语要与毗邻最近的主语在数上保持一致。

  What he does or what he says makes me angry.

  He didn’t say whether some English novels or an English dictionary waswanted.

  (3)用作书名、剧名、报纸名、国名、机构名称等的复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  The United Nations was formed in 1945.

  The Daily News says it’s going to snow.

  The Thirty nine steps was written by John Buchan.

  (4)表示总称意义的名词作主语时,谓语用复数。

  这类名词主要有:"cattle,clergy,folk,mankind,militia,people,police,poultry,staff,youth,etc.

  The military are out in search of the thieves.

  The cattle are selling for record price this year.

  (5)群体名词作主语时,如指整体概念,谓语用单数;如指具体成员,谓语用复数。

  这类名词主要有:“public,class,family,club,crew,team,audience,committee,group,population,government,crowd,company.”

  The audience was enormous.

  The audience were greatly moved at the words.

  The committee meets twice a month.

  The committee are having a meeting.

  The government have never made discussions in a hurry.

  The government is doing its best to boost(促进)the production.

  One-third of population in this country live in the mountain.

  The population of the country has increased by 40 percent in a period offifty years.

  (6)形复意单名词,谓语用单数。这类名词主要有:

  ①表示学科的:

  “mathematics,politics,physics,mechanics,statistics,aeronautics,genetics,optics,electronics,acoustics,economics,etc.”

  Physics deals with matter and motion.[但:His physics(物理成绩)are quitegood.]

  Statistics is a branch of mathematics.[但:These statistics(统计数字)show thatexports are still low.]

  Acoustics is one of the important subjects he is going to study atcollege.[但The acoustics(音响效果).of this hall are excellent.]

  ②表示疾病的:

  “arthritis(关节炎),diabetes(糖尿病),appendicitis(阑尾炎),measles(麻疹),mumps(腮腺炎),etc.

  Diabetes(糖尿病)is a common disease.

  Mumps(腮腺炎)is an unpleasant ailment(疾病).

  Measles(麻疹)is a disease to take seriously.

  ③其它的“s”结尾的单数名词:“news,works,means"等。

  The news lasts ten minutes.

  “nuclei(单数为nucleus,原子核);formulae(formula,公式);phenomena(phenomenon,现象);media(medium,介质);criteria(criterion,标准);vermin(单复数相同,寄生虫);etc.”

  These vermin do much harm to the poultry.

  Bacter of the harmful kind cause disease.

  (8)“The+形容词”表示一类人或事物时,谓语一般用复数。

  The lost have been found.

  The young are interested in pop music.

  Ⅳ.有关一致的其它问题

  ①非谓语动词的逻辑主语与主句的主语保持一致。

  Returning to my office,I found my key missing.

  To be a teacher of the people,one must first be their pupil.

  ②名词与代词的一致:

  Working with computers is the best way to learn their capabilities.

  The electrical properties of semiconductors depend on very much on theirpurity.

  ③反意疑问句的助动词与主句谓语动词的一致:

  I am a student,am not I?

  This is the third time this week he has been late,isn’t it?

  ④平行结构中的一致:

  Dentists advise brushing your teeth after every meal and avoiding sugar inyour diet.

  We asked the department store manager to show us a gift that wasinexpensive,useful,and looked nice.

  Knowing how to study and learning how to budget time are important forcollege students.

  是的,雅思阅读主谓一致原则既有语法形式上一致,也有主谓就近一致,二者的特点也已经在上文详细介绍了。如果还有其他的疑问,欢迎骚扰100教育小编!


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原文地址:荷兰艺术本科留学条件分析详解雅思阅读中的主谓一致原则发布于2020-01-17
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