READING STRATEGIES AND SKILLS
This course will give you the opportunity to develop and practice readingstrategies and skills which can be applied to all forms of IELTS tests. Thestrategies and skills you will practice are as follows:
5.Guessing unknown words
6.Understanding main ideas
8.Understanding text organization
9.Assessing a writer’s purpose
10.Evaluating a writer’s attitude.
Before you read a text in detail, it is possible to predict whatinformation you may find in it. You will probably have some knowledge of thesubject already, and you can use this knowledge to help you anticipate what areading text contains. After looking at the title, for example, you can askyourself what you know and do not know about the subject before you read thetext. Or you can formulate questions that you would like to have answered byreading the text. These exercises will help you focus more effectively on theideas in a text when you actually start reading.接下来为大家介绍"讲解雅思阅读备考的方法与技巧"
To help you predict, you may also use skimming and scanning strategies asdescribed below.
Skimming involves reading quickly through a text to get an overall idea ofits contents. Features of the text that can help you include the following:
(c) Details about the author
(e) Introductory paragraph
(f) First, second and last sentences of following paragraphs
(g) Concluding paragraph
A text may not contain all of these features - there may be no abstract,for example, and no sub-titles - but you can usually expect to find at least(a), (e), (f) and (g). Focusing on these will give you an understanding of theoverall idea or gist of the text you are reading - in other words, a generalunderstanding as opposed to a detailed reading.
Another term for this kind of reading is surveying. Surveying can bedescribed as looking quickly through a book, chapter of a book, article from ajournal, etc., to decide whether or not it is suitable for your purpose. Todecide whether or not a text is suitable, especially if it is a book, you willalso need to focus on the following features in addition to those mentionedabove:
(a) Edition and date of publication
(b) Table of contents
When you scan a text, again you look quickly through it. However, unlikeskimming, scanning involves looking for specific words, scanning involves rapidreading for the specific rather than the general; for particular details ratherthan the overall idea. When you read a text, for example, you may want to findonly a percentage figure or the dates of particular historical events instead ofthe main ideas. Scanning will help you find such information moreefficiently.
4 Detailed reading
A second and third reading of a text will also focus on the secondary ideasand details which support, explain and develop the main ideas. This can bedescribed as a more comprehensive reading. It involves a slower and more carefulreading process. At this stage you can also try to guess the meaning ofunfamiliar vocabulary.
5 Guessing unknown words
It is unlikely that you will understand 100 percent of the vocabulary in atext, especially at a first reading. Use first the context and then your ownknowledge of the subject to help you guess the meaning of unknown words. At yourfirst reading of a text it is usually best not to stop and consult yourdictionary. This will interrupt your process of reading and understanding. oftenthe meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases becomes clear as you continue toread through the text. The dictionary can be used at a later stage.
In using the context to help you guess unknown vocabulary, you can referfirst to immediate context and then to the wider context in which a word isfound. The immediate context is the sentence in which a word is found, andsometimes the sentences immediately before and after this. The wider context caninclude other sentences and even other paragraphs in a text. Both forms ofcontext can often provide important information which help you guess the meaningof unfamiliar words.